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垚舜艺术精品推荐:民国四川铜元(民国十五年)

发布时间:2020-05-11 13:42来源:
辛亥革命后,四川的政务长期由各路军阀把持,而铸造铜元也為其一大财政来源。為支撑军阀混战的庞大军费开支,割据一方的大小军阀,除田赋上横徵暴敛外,还纷纷自设币厂,铸造

辛亥革命后,四川的政务长期由各路军阀把持,而铸造铜元也為其一大财政来源。為支撑军阀混战的庞大军费开支,割据一方的大小军阀,除田赋上横徵暴敛外,还纷纷自设币厂,铸造铜元。其品质日渐低劣,面值越来越大,重量越来越轻。

After the revolution of 1911, Sichuan's government was controlled by warlords for a long time, and the casting of copper yuan was also a major financial source. In order to support the huge military expenditure of warlords, the big and small warlords, who had been separated from each other, set up their own coin factories and minted copper coins, in addition to imposing excessive revenue on the land tax. Its quality is getting worse, its face value is getting larger and lighter.

 

正面币中心突起,上面以阳文铸省(局)简称川,左右有十字空心花,边缘内上镌中文书“中华民国十五年”七字、边缘下携中文书“每枚当贰百文”背面中央为数字200,四面为半圆形图案,图中有花叶。

The center of the obverse coin is raised, with Yangwen province (bureau) abbreviated as Sichuan, and there are cross hollow flowers on the left and right. The Chinese book "the 15th year of the Republic of China" is engraved on the inside of the edge, and the Chinese book "when two hundred words each" is carried under the edge. The center of the back is the number 200, and the four sides are semicircle patterns, with flowers and leaves in the picture.

民国十四年(1925)五月,佔据成都的四川军务督办杨森,因不满段祺瑞任用军阀刘湘来取代其军务督办之职,发动意在独霸四川的“统一全川”的战争,结果被刘湘、邓锡侯等组成的联军击败,逃至汉口。随后,邓锡侯率所部进驻成都。為扩充财源,邓锡侯控制了成都造币厂,并亲自兼任厂长。民国十五年(1926),在所部被编為国民革命军第二十八军的当年,為维持扩充军力等经费开支,决定铸造减重的新版铜元。在此背景下,大為减重的民国十五年四川嘉禾铜元开始铸发。其面值,分二百文、一百文、五十文三等。其中,二百文重约 15 克,一百文重约 9 克,五十文重约 6 克,分别与民国初年的五十文、二十文、十文铜元重量相近,可见其减重之甚。

In May of the 14th year of the Republic of China (1925), Yang Sen, the military inspector in Chengdu, was dissatisfied with Duan Qirui's appointment of Liu Xiang, the warlord, to replace his position as military inspector, and launched a war of "unifying the whole Sichuan" to dominate Sichuan. As a result, he was defeated by Liu Xiang, Deng xihou and other allied forces and fled to Hankou. Later, Deng xihou led his department to Chengdu. In order to expand the financial resources, Deng xihou took control of the Chengdu mint and served as its director. In the 15th year of the Republic of China (1926), in the year when the Ministry was compiled as the 28th army of the National Revolutionary Army, in order to maintain the expenditure of expanding military strength and other funds, it was decided to cast a new version of copper coin with reduced weight. In this context, Jiahe copper yuan began to be cast in the 15th year of the Republic of China. Its face value is divided into two hundred Wen, one hundred Wen and fifty Wen three. Among them, two hundred Wen weighs about 15g, one hundred Wen weighs about 9g, and fifty Wen weighs about 6G, which are similar to the weight of fifty Wen, twenty Wen, and ten Wen copper coins in the early years of the Republic of China respectively, so it can be seen that the weight loss is very great.

钱币根据铸造量以及朝代所统治的时间长短,从而决定了流通量的大小,众所周知,凡是流通时间不长的钱币,存世量也会随之变少,加之时间的推移,很多钱币由于损坏、遗失等因素会变得更少,故此这些钱币会变的更加珍奇。According to the amount of coins cast and the length of the reign of the dynasty, the amount of coins in circulation is determined. As we all know, the amount of coins in circulation will be reduced if the circulation time is not long. In addition, with the passage of time, many coins will become less damaged, lost and other factors, so these coins will become more precious.

 

自改革开放以后,我国的古钱币收藏越来越活跃,更多人注意起古钱币的价值。中华民国钱币是近代中国钱币中的精品,有着历史熏陶,是价值很高的革命文物,具有深远的历史纪念意义。珍贵的中华民国钱币记录了辛亥革命惊天动地的伟大历史,由于历经百年风雨,存世量极为稀少,尤其是品相好的更为稀缺,因此很受收藏爱好者青睐。

Since the reform and opening up, the collection of ancient coins in China has become more and more active, and more people pay attention to the value of ancient coins. The coins of the Republic of China are the fine works of modern Chinese coins, which have historical edification, are high value revolutionary cultural relics, and have far-reaching historical significance. The precious coins of the Republic of China record the great history of the revolution of 1911. Due to a hundred years of wind and rain, the amount of coins in the world is extremely rare, especially those with good quality, so they are very popular with collectors.

 

垚舜文化近期征集到了一枚民国十五年四川嘉禾贰百文铜元,重:16.5g,直径:3.2cm。这类钱币是军阀统治时期四川成都造币厂出品,在中国铜元中,此类币為声名显赫的珍品之一。

Yaoshun culture recently collected a 200 Wen copper yuan from Jiahe, Sichuan Province in the 15th year of the Republic of China, weighing 16.5g and 3.2cm in diameter. This kind of coin was produced by Chengdu Mint in Sichuan Province during the reign of warlords. Among the Chinese copper coins, this kind of coin is one of the famous treasures.

 

此币为中华民国15年川字200文铜币,钱币正面上方标“中华民国十五年”,下方“每枚当两百文”,左右各一颗四星花,中间行铸花卉纹,中央有一“川”字;钱币背面铸四角星钱币纹,环绕麦穗图案,中心“200”表示此币的货币价值,整体包浆老到,磨损痕迹自然,历经沧桑,有很高的历史价值、艺术价值和收藏价值。

This coin is a 200 character copper coin with Sichuan character in the 15th year of the Republic of China. On the obverse, it is marked with "the 15th year of the Republic of China" on the top and "two hundred characters" on the bottom. There is a four-star flower on the left and right, with a flower pattern in the middle and a "Sichuan" in the center. On the back, it is marked with a four-star coin pattern around a wheat ear. The "200" in the center indicates the currency value of this coin. The whole coin is old-fashioned and has wear marks However, after vicissitudes of life, it has high historical value, artistic value and collection value.

钱币作为古玩的一种,一直以来都是收藏家关注的热点。民国铜元收藏研究中数量很大,也是很重要的一个品类,近年来,随着收藏投资热的不断升温,铜币也日渐走俏,且价格一路上扬,尤其是珍品铜元,在藏品交易市场上表现异常活跃。这枚民国200文钱币在四川货币历史上占据着重要的地位,代表着近代四川的货币文化,反映了当地历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,具有很高的艺术观赏价值和文物价值。

As a kind of antiques, coins have always been the focus of collectors' attention. In recent years, with the increasing investment in collection, copper coins are becoming more and more popular, and the prices are rising all the way, especially the precious copper coins, which are very active in the collection market. This 200 Wen coin of the Republic of China occupies an important position in the currency history of Sichuan, representing the currency culture of modern Sichuan, reflecting the rise and fall of local history, economy and finance and vicissitudes of life, with high artistic and cultural value.

 

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