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古玩行2020精品推荐第2期:宽永通宝

发布时间:2020-05-11 13:53来源:
日本是最早开始仿铸中国方孔圆钱的国家。宽永通宝是日本历史上铸量最大、铸期最长、版别最多的一种钱币,同时也是流入我国数量最多的外国钱币之一。它始铸于日本第108代后水尾

日本是最早开始仿铸中国方孔圆钱的国家。宽永通宝是日本历史上铸量最大、铸期最长、版别最多的一种钱币,同时也是流入我国数量最多的外国钱币之一。它始铸于日本第108代后水尾天皇宽永三年(1626年),从1636年开始大量铸造。当时日本各地的钱炉均有铸造,至明治初年还在使用,前后流通长达240余年,后因德川幕府灭亡而废止。宽永通宝钱在长期的中日贸易及交往中不断流入我国,至今在我国各地均有发现。

Japan was the first country to imitate the Chinese coin. Kuanyong tong bao is a kind of coin with the largest quantity, the longest casting period and the most edition in the history of Japan. It was first cast in the third year (1626) of the 108th Japanese emperor kuanyong, and was cast in large quantities from 1636. All over Japan at that time money furnace are cast, to the early Meiji year is still in use, around circulation for more than 240 years, after the fall of the tokugawa shogunate and abolished. Kuanyong tong bao money has been continuously flowing into China in the long-term trade and exchanges between China and Japan.

中日两国,一衣带水,友好往来,源远流长。早在两千多年前的汉半两和五铢钱在日本多处出土即是明证。到唐代,两国交往更加密切,互派使节,而且唐朝文化对日本影响很大。历年来出土的唐代开万通宝钱数以万计。而日本最早的方孔圆钱“和同开宝(王尔)”钱就是仿开万通宝钱而成,在我国也有发现。到了宋、明两代,两国经济往来更加频繁,中国钱币继续大量输往日本。后来,日本仿铸中国宋、明的年号钱,也用汉文,名称一样。这些钱币以及其他的日本年号钱也大批流入我国。当然,宽永通宝是最为常见的。

China and Japan, separated by a strip of water, enjoy friendly exchanges dating back to ancient times. As early as two thousand years ago han half two and five baht money unearthed in Japan is clear evidence. By the tang dynasty, the two countries had closer exchanges and exchanged envoys, and the tang culture had a great influence on Japan. Over the years, the unearthed tang dynasty kaiwantongbao amount to tens of thousands of dollars. And the earliest Japanese square hole round money "and with open treasure (wang er)" money is the imitation of open ten thousand treasure money, also found in our country. In the song and Ming dynasties, economic exchanges between the two countries became more frequent, and Chinese money continued to be exported to Japan in large quantities. Later, the Japanese imitation of the Chinese song, Ming dynasty money, also in Chinese, the name is the same. These COINS and other Japanese money are also flooding into our country. Of course, kwanyong tong bao is the most common.

日本的“宽永通宝”钱在中国民间流通了多年,直到清乾隆初年,才被官府知道,怀疑是私铸钱,还另用“年号”,这无异于谋反。于是,乾隆皇帝谕令江、浙、闽各总督、巡抚穷治开炉造卖之人。幸亏江苏巡抚庄有恭的幕僚见多识广,道出来历。于是,两江总督尹继善和江苏巡抚庄有恭“会衔上疏”,讲出来龙去脉,乾隆皇帝才又谕令严禁商船携带倭钱;民间使用的,官为收买。至此,事情才算了结,现存世极少,价格昂贵。

Japan's "kuanyong tong bao" money circulated in China for many years, until the early years of the emperor qianlong of the qing dynasty, it was not known by the government, suspected to be privately made money, also use another "year", this is nothing short of a conspiracy. Therefore, qianlong emperor ordered jiang, zhejiang, fujian each governor, governor poor to open the stove to make the sale of people. Thanks to the well-informed staff of jiangsu governor zhuang yougong, the story was told. Thus, Yin jishang, governor of the two rivers, and zhuang yougong, governor of jiangsu, "joined the rank and spoke out the cause and effect of the situation. Those used by the people shall be bought by the officials. That was the end of the matter. There was little in the world, and the price was high.

 

此枚宽永通宝母钱,外圆内方,正方小口梓州镌有宽永通宝四字,铜币背面,没有镌刻花纹。货币整体保存品相完好,包浆自然,锈色光亮。宽永通宝的流通不仅仅是以货币,它更是一位外交者,一位见证者。让我们在现在也可以读到千年的历史和当时的外交状况。具有非常高的历史研究意义和收藏价值!

This coin is the mother coin of kuanyong Tongbao. It is round on the outside and square on the inside. There are four characters of kuanyong Tongbao engraved on the small mouth of Zizhou. There is no engraved pattern on the back of the coin. The whole preserved currency is in good condition with natural coating and bright rust color. The circulation of Kuan Yong Tong Bao is not only based on currency, but also a diplomat and witness. Let us also read the history of the millennium and the diplomatic situation at that time. With very high historical research significance and collection value!


 


 

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