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古玩城2020精品推荐第一期:袁大头三年壹圆

发布时间:2020-05-11 13:53来源:
袁大头是民国时期主要流通货币之一,袁大头是对袁世凯像系列硬币的口语俗称,严谨点说叫袁世凯像背嘉禾银币。北洋政府为了整顿币制,划一银币,于民国三年(1914年)二月,颁布

袁大头是民国时期主要流通货币之一,“袁大头”是对袁世凯像系列硬币的口语俗称,严谨点说叫“袁世凯像背嘉禾银币”。北洋政府为了整顿币制,划一银币,于民国三年(1914年)二月,颁布《国币条例》十三条,决定实行银本位制度。《国币条例》规定:"以库平纯银六钱四分八厘为价格之单位,定名为圆","一圆银币,总重七钱二分,银八九,铜一一","一圆银币用数无限制",即以一圆银币为无限法偿的本位贷币。根据这一规定,于1914年12月及1915年2月, 先后由造币总厂及江南造币厂开铸一圆银币,币面镌刻袁世凯头像,俗称"袁头币"或"袁大头"。

Yuan Datou was one of the main circulating currencies in the Republic of China. Yuan Datou is a colloquial term for Yuan Shikai's series of coins, which is strictly called "Yuan Shikai carries Jiahe silver coins on his back". In order to rectify the currency system, the Beiyang government unified silver coins. In February of the third year of the Republic of China (1914), it promulgated 13 articles of the national currency regulations and decided to implement the silver standard system. According to the regulations of the state on currency, the unit with the price of six yuan, four quarters and eight percent of the pure silver in the Treasury is named yuan, one yuan of silver coin with the total weight of seven yuan, eight nines of silver and one of copper, and the number of silver coins in one yuan is unlimited, that is to say, one yuan of silver coin is used as the base currency for unlimited repayment. According to this regulation, in December 1914 and February 1915, the general mint and Jiangnan Mint successively issued a silver coin with the head of Yuan Shikai engraved on it, commonly known as "Yuan tou coin" or "Yuan Da tou".

“袁大头”在货币收藏界被称为银元之宝,它是中国近千种近代银币中流传最广、影响最大的银元品种,也是近代中国币制变革中的一个重要角色。

"Yuan Datou" is known as the treasure of silver dollar in the field of currency collection. It is the most popular and influential silver dollar variety among nearly one thousand modern silver coins in China, and it is also an important role in the currency system reform of modern China.

 

清朝灭亡之后,1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,把他的头像铸于币面,“袁大头”由此而来。

After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money, the circulation of more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies, different specifications, chaotic circulation, complicated conversion, and people's resentment, the Beiyang government also wanted to solve the problem of military expenditure by means of currency restructuring, so it decided to cast and issue national currency. In order to improve his ruling position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "yuan Dazou" came from this.

此枚“中华民国三年壹圆银币”,上方为“中华民国三年”,背面图案均是两株交叉的稻穗,中央为“壹圆”字样,民国时期,军阀混战。各地军阀纷纷私铸袁大头,导致存世的袁大头质量良莠不齐。虽然经历了无穷岁月的洗礼,但是如今保存依然完好。其色泽光鲜自然,纹饰深浅适度,不论是文字还是图案,都显得自然细腻,深浅合适。边缘线条粗细均匀,间距也疏密一致。人像、发丝、胡须、穗芒等细微之处清晰有度,生动自然。它是一枚具有很高收藏价值的精品银币。

This "one yuan silver coin of the three years of the Republic of China", with "three years of the Republic of China" on the top, two crisscross spikes on the back, and "one yuan" in the center, was used by warlords during the period of the Republic of China. Warlords around the country have privately cast yuan Datou, which leads to the uneven quality of yuan Datou. Although it has experienced the baptism of endless years, it is still well preserved. Its color is bright and natural, and the depth of the decoration is moderate. No matter the text or the pattern, it is natural and delicate, and the depth is appropriate. The edge lines are uniform in thickness and spacing. The details of portrait, hair, beard and awn are clear, vivid and natural. It is a fine silver coin with high collection value.

 

由于它是实物货币,介于人们对贵金属的认可,以及对历史文化强烈的认同感,因此收藏的人不在少数。“袁大头”的变现能力比较强,这也是藏家看好的因素之一,“钱”景一片看好。

Because it is a real currency, between people's recognition of precious metals and a strong sense of identity with history and culture, there are not a few collectors. "Yuan Dadou" has a relatively strong liquidity, which is also one of the factors favoured by collectors, "money" is a good prospect.

 

 

 

 

 

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