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古玩行2020精品推荐第2期:东三省造宣统元宝库平一钱四分四厘

发布时间:2020-05-11 15:57来源:
宣统元宝是清朝货币名,是宣统年间发行的宣统年号银圆。宣统三年大清银币为前清之正式国币,原期辛亥十月发行。尚未发行,武昌事起,国体忽变。已经解往度支部之银币成为北洋

宣统元宝是清朝货币名,是宣统年间发行的宣统年号银圆。宣统三年大清银币为前清之正式国币,原期辛亥十月发行。尚未发行,武昌事起,国体忽变。已经解往度支部之银币成为北洋两镇镇压武昌新军之饷。而宁厂所存银币(原期上海同期发行)及鄂厂所存之部分银币成为普通流通银币的一种。1889年,两广总督张之洞在广东设造币厂铸造银元。币面中央是汉文“光绪元宝”四字,周围有九个汉字“广东省库平七钱三分”,后改为七钱二分;背面为蟠龙花纹及英文,通称“龙洋”。

Xuantong Yuanbao is the currency name of the Qing Dynasty. It is the silver yuan issued in Xuantong. The silver coin of the Qing Dynasty in the third year of Xuantong was the official national coin of the former Qing Dynasty, which was originally issued in October of 1911. It hasn't been issued yet. Since Wuchang, the state has changed suddenly. The silver coins, which had been sent to the Du branch, became the payment for the suppression of the new forces in Wuchang in the two towns of Beiyang. The silver coins deposited by Ningchang (originally issued in Shanghai at the same time) and part of the silver coins deposited by Hubei factory have become one of the common circulation silver coins. In 1889, Zhang Zhidong, governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, set up a mint in Guangdong to mint silver coins. In the middle of the coin is the Chinese character "Guangxu Yuanbao", surrounded by nine Chinese characters "Kuping, Guangdong Province, seven coins and three cents", later changed to seven coins and two cents; on the back is the dragon pattern and English, commonly known as "Longyang".

东三省银币,在清代银元中知名度较高,主要因为龙的艺术造型优美,气势磅礴,腾云驾雾,工艺精湛,可以说是清代银币铸造中的一个高峰。虽然东三省所铸造的银元枚数不多,但版别设计却非常丰富,是其他银币铸造所不能攀比的。龙是咱们中华民族的标志,影响之大,涵义之深,与政治、经济、文明、宗教无不有着联络。

The silver coins of the three eastern provinces were well-known in the silver coins of the Qing Dynasty, mainly because of the beautiful artistic shape, magnificent momentum, flying clouds and exquisite craftsmanship of the dragon, which can be said to be a peak in the silver coins of the Qing Dynasty. Although the number of silver coins cast in the three eastern provinces is not large, but the design of the edition is very rich, which can not be compared with other silver coins. Dragon is the symbol of our Chinese nation. It has great influence and deep meaning. It is connected with politics, economy, civilization and religion.

 

曾委托汇丰银行代铸,并定出铸币章程,规定它的轻重大小及配合成色。分为五等:每元重七钱二分,配96%--97%足银;次则三钱六分,减配96%--96%.7成足银;再次则一钱四分四厘、七分二厘、三分六厘三种,均减配96%--96.4%足银。这五等即是后来通称的“一元”、“半元”(五角)、“二角”、“一角”及“五分”银币。起初仅在广东、福建、天津等处流通,后来盛行于上海,这是中国自铸近代银元的开始。

HSBC has been entrusted to cast the coins on behalf of HSBC, and the articles of association have been drawn up to stipulate its weight, size and matching. It can be divided into five grades: each Yuan weighs seven money and two cents, with 96% - 97% of full silver; next, three money and six cents, with 96% - 96% of full silver reduced; third, one money and four cents, seven two cents and three sixths, with 96% - 96.4% of full silver reduced. These five grades are later commonly known as "one yuan", "half yuan" (Pentagon), "two jiao", "one jiao" and "five Fen" silver coins. At first, it was only circulated in Guangdong, Fujian, Tianjin and other places, and later prevailed in Shanghai, which was the beginning of the modern silver dollar coinage in China.

东三省造宣统元宝库平一钱四分四厘,直币面上缘环书“东三省造”,下缘环书“库平一钱四分四厘”。左右两侧各有一组三星,中星为一个大五角星,上下为各一个小五角星。中心由67颗珠圆围成圆圈,内书“宣统元宝”中心为满文“宣统元宝”,币边缘有齿成环。钱币背面中心为全鳞蟠龙,龙口有珠,尾下少云。上缘环书英文FIRST YEAR OF HSUAN TUNG(纪年:宣统元年);下缘环书:MANCHURIAN PROVINCES(东北省)币中无“珠圆”,币边有细齿成环,边道为直齿。此枚钱币形制规整,质地优良,字体笔法流畅,纹饰刻制工细。

The three eastern provinces made Xuantong Yuanbao Kuping one coin and four quarters of a millimeter. On the surface of the straight coin, the upper margin of the ring book "made in the three eastern provinces" and the lower margin of the ring book "Kuping one coin and four quarters of a millimeter". There are a group of three stars on the left and right sides, the middle star is a big five pointed star, and the upper and lower stars are each a small five pointed star. The center is surrounded by 67 beads, and the center of the book "Xuantong Yuanbao" is Manchu "Xuantong Yuanbao", with teeth on the edge of the coin. In the center of the back of the coin is a full scale pan dragon with beads at the mouth and a little cloud at the tail. First year of Hsuan Tung in English; no "bead circle" in Manchurian services, with fine teeth on the side and straight teeth on the side. This coin is regular in shape, fine in texture, smooth in writing and fine in decoration.

 

银元材质珍贵,艺术价值高,由贵重金属或白银合金铸造,制作精美,图案考究,文字清秀,内容丰富,银光灿烂,其貌可人,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。随着收藏投资热的不断升温,银元在钱币市场中异常火爆,中国银元今后极大可能成为收藏投资领域中的一匹“黑马”。

Silver dollar is precious in material and high in artistic value. It is made of precious metal or silver alloy. It is exquisitely made with exquisite design, beautiful in writing, rich in content and brilliant in silver. It has the function of preserving and appreciating value. With the increasing heat of collection investment, silver dollar is extremely popular in the money market. China's silver dollar is likely to become a "black horse" in the field of collection investment in the future.

 

宣统为清朝第十二位皇帝爱新觉罗·溥仪的年号,同时也是中国封建王朝历史上最后一个年号。众所周知,宣统帝登基几年之后便因辛亥革命而宣布退位,其在位的时间过短,也使宣统元宝而没有进行大批量的生产,使其铸币量稀少,完整留存至今天的,更是世之罕见。

Xuantong was the year of aixinjuelu Puyi, the twelfth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and also the last year in the history of Chinese feudal dynasty. As we all know, Xuantong emperor abdicated several years after he ascended the throne because of the revolution of 1911. His time in office was too short, which made Xuantong Yuanbao not produce in large quantities, which made his coinage rare. It is even rarer in the world that his coins are completely preserved to this day.

 

此枚正面上镌“東三省造”四字,中间镌“宣统元宝”四字,左右镌“六芒星”纹,下面镌“库平一钱四分四厘”七字,背面为蟠龙图案,四周环绕英文“東三省·库平一钱四分四厘”。该钱币龙鳞雕刻细密有致,腾云驾雾,身姿遒劲有力;龙爪张扬,神武有力;龙身盘踞,尽展皇家威严大气。龙的艺术造型优美,气势磅礴,腾云驾雾,工艺精湛,包浆厚重自然,可以说是清代银币铸造中的一个高峰。东三省宣统元宝库平一钱四分四厘当时发行量极少,市场稀缺,为稀有币种。整体工艺极其精湛,雕工极其完美,浮雕感极其强烈的品种,镜面平整光滑,纹饰非常清晰。

On the obverse, there are four characters of "made in the three eastern provinces", in the middle, there are four characters of "Xuantong Yuanbao", on the left and right, there are six pointed stars, and on the bottom, there are seven characters of "Kuping one coin four quarters of Li", on the back, there is a dragon pattern, surrounded by the English "three eastern provinces, Kuping one coin four quarters of Li". The Dragon scales of the coin are carved in a fine and dense manner, flying in the clouds and powerful in posture; the Dragon claws are publicized and powerful; the dragon body is entrenched to display the royal majesty. Dragon's artistic shape is beautiful, magnificent, flying clouds, exquisite technology, thick and natural slurry, which can be said to be a peak of silver coin casting in Qing Dynasty. At that time, the circulation was very small and the market was scarce. It was a rare currency. The overall craft is extremely exquisite, the sculptor is extremely perfect, the relief feeling is extremely strong variety, the mirror surface is flat and smooth, the pattern is very clear.

 

 

 

 

 

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