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2020年新加坡拍卖精品推荐会-----明代青花龙纹高足杯

发布时间:2020-07-21 09:44来源:
高足杯也称马上杯,它同于 高足碗 ,上为碗形,下有高柄。高足杯也称把杯,外观美丽,实用方便,是陶瓷中的典型器物。每个朝代的高足杯都有各自的 时代特征 。 基本特征是盘浅

 

 高足杯也称马上杯,它同于 高足碗 ,上为碗形,下有高柄。高足杯也称把杯,外观美丽,实用方便,是陶瓷中的典型器物。每个朝代的高足杯都有各自的 时代特征 。

基本特征是盘浅,口沿微向外撇,盘心平坦,常有阴圈纹,盘下承以喇叭状高足。盘内有三、五、七个不等的支烧痕迹,饮酒用具。明代 景德镇 窑盛烧高足杯。 宣德 (1426-1435)时有青花龙纹高足杯,成化(1465-1487)时有斗彩葡萄纹、 缠枝莲纹 、花鸟纹高足杯,皆为出类拔萃的作品。清代仍烧青花名式高足杯,纹饰多样。高足杯以元代最典型,之前的可以说是 高足碗 ,而废高足杯。

明代 烧造的 青花瓷器,在中国陶瓷发展史上具有很重要的地位。它以其古朴,典雅的造型,晶莹艳丽的釉色,多姿多彩的纹饰而闻名于世,与明代其他各朝的青花瓷器相比,其烧制技术达到了最高峰,成为我国瓷器名品之一,其成就被称颂为“开一代未有之奇”。《 景德镇陶录 》评价瓷器:“诸料悉精, 青花 最贵。”

青花,在中国陶瓷发展史中占有十分重要的地位,它从一个侧面反映了当时的社会、经济、文化、艺术以致思想观念。作为宫廷用瓷和精美的艺术品,具有独特的艺术魅力,这与当时制度的完备与技术的成熟有很大关系,作品一直被后人推崇,为青花工艺的典范。自明代成化朝开始到晚清民国均大量烧制,最为成功的是清代康熙、雍正、乾隆三朝,以清宫旧藏的青花为蓝本,去精心烧造,造型、尺寸、纹饰都十分酷似原作,具有青花的韵味,如康熙朝青花仕女纹碗、缠枝花纹钵缸,折枝花果纹花口碗,缠枝花纹鱼篓尊,海水异兽纹高足杯;雍正朝仿青花竹石蕉叶纹玉壶春瓶、花果纹梅瓶、花卉纹书纹灯、团龙纹葵式洗、海水龙纹天球瓶、绶带耳葫芦瓶、牵牛花四方委角瓶;乾隆朝仿青花锦纹盖罐、凤穿花纹罐、松竹梅人物纹盘、把莲盘、花果纹执壶等,都达到了相当高的水平。

青花用料有进口、国产两种,以进口苏麻离青料描绘为主。明万历年间王世懋《窥天外乘》一书记载:“我朝则专设于浮梁县之景德镇,永乐间内府烧造,迄今为贵,其时以腙眼甜白为常,以苏麻离青为饰”。清代蓝浦《景德镇陶录》也曾提到。绘制纹饰时既有单独使用,也有混合使用,往往是根据纹饰的不同而决定使用那种钴料描绘那个部位的纹饰。在绘制时常使用国产料淡描勾线,进口料渲染。

苏麻离青这种进口青料,含铁量特别高,含锰量低,故称“高铁低锰”料。苏麻离青发色深沉浓艳,在炉火气氛好的情况下能烧出宝石般的色泽;含铁量高容易使发色呈现深蓝色,色料凝聚厚处会形成黑褐色的结晶斑点,在一定光线下有锡光色,而且呈三角形结晶,用手抚摸釉面凹凸不平。如果此处釉层薄会出现干涩、无光的现象;国产钴料呈现一种色泽蓝中带灰,没有黑褐色铁锈结晶斑点;另一种发色清淡,有晕散现象,色泽幽雅;在进口和国产两种色料混合使用时,发色明快,呈色浓重与淡雅相间,具备两种钴料的特点。

此件藏品为大明制款青花龙纹高足杯,杯口外扩,内外口沿、执柄均有青弦纹装饰,深弧腹,高圈足,底足外撇。外壁以青花留白龙纹装饰,内壁底部绘一青花火云纹饰,绘画手法娴熟,线条流畅。釉面光泽,胎质坚硬,极具观赏价值与收藏价值

The goblet is also called the immediate cup. It is the same as the goblet, with a bowl-shaped top and a high handle at the bottom. The goblet is also called the handle cup, which is beautiful in appearance, practical and convenient, and is a typical utensil in ceramics. The goblet of each dynasty has its own characteristics of the times.

The basic characteristic is that the disc is shallow, the edge of the mouth is slightly turned outward, the center of the disc is flat, and there are often negative circles. There are three, five or seven burn marks and drinking utensils in the plate. The Jingdezhen kiln in the Ming Dynasty burned a goblet. In Xuande (1426-1435), there was a blue and white dragon goblet, and Chenghua (1465-1487) had a bucket-colored grape pattern, a lotus pattern, and a flower-and-bird goblet. They are all outstanding works. The famous blue and white goblet was still burned in the Qing Dynasty, with various decorations. The high-foot cup is the most typical in the Yuan Dynasty. The previous one can be said to be the high-foot bowl, and the high-foot cup was discarded.

The blue and white porcelain fired in the Ming Dynasty has a very important position in the history of Chinese ceramics. It is famous for its simple, elegant shape, brilliant glaze color, and colorful decorations. Compared with the blue and white porcelain of other dynasties in the Ming Dynasty, its firing technology has reached the highest peak, becoming one of the famous porcelains in China. , Its achievement was praised as "the unparalleled wonder of a generation." "Jingdezhen Taolu" commented on porcelain: "Every material is fine, blue and white is the most expensive."

Blue and white occupies a very important position in the development history of Chinese ceramics. It reflects the society, economy, culture, art and even ideological concepts of the time from one aspect. As imperial porcelain and exquisite works of art, it has a unique artistic charm, which has a lot to do with the completeness of the system and the maturity of technology at that time. The works have been respected by future generations as a model of blue and white craftsmanship. From the Chenghua dynasty of the Ming Dynasty to the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, they were fired in large quantities. The most successful ones were the Kangxi, Yongzheng, and Qianlong dynasties of the Qing Dynasty. They were carefully fired based on the blue and white collected from the Qing palace. The shape, size, and ornamentation are very similar. Original, with the charm of blue and white, such as Kangxi Dynasty blue and white ladies pattern bowl, twisted branch pattern bowl jar, folded branch flower and fruit pattern flower mouth bowl, twisted branch pattern fish basket statue, sea water exotic animal pattern goblet; Yongzheng Dynasty imitation blue and white bamboo and stone banana Leaf pattern jade pot spring vase, flower and fruit pattern plum vase, flower pattern book lamp, tuanlong pattern sunflower wash, sea water dragon pattern celestial bottle, ribbon ear gourd vase, morning glory square corner vase; Qianlong imitation blue and white brocade The patterned lid jar, the phoenix pattern jar, the pine, bamboo and plum figure pattern plate, the lotus plate, the flower and fruit pattern holding pot, etc., have reached a very high level.

There are two types of blue and white materials: imported and domestically produced, with imported Su Ma Liqing materials as the main description. In the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, Wang Shimao’s book "Geeping the Sky and Outer Vehicles" records: "My dynasty was set up in Jingdezhen, Fuliang County. It was built in the inner mansion of Yonglejian. It has been expensive so far. Li Qing is decorated". It was also mentioned in the "Jingdezhen Taolu" of Lampuo in the Qing Dynasty. When drawing a pattern, it can be used alone or in a mixture. It is often determined by the different patterns to use the cobalt material to describe the pattern of that part. When drawing, we often use domestic materials to draw the lines and import materials to render.

The imported green material of Su Ma Liqing has particularly high iron content and low manganese content, so it is called "high iron and low manganese" material. The hair color of Su Ma Liqing is deep and bright, and it can burn out a gem-like color when the fire atmosphere is good; the high iron content will easily make the hair color dark blue, and the thick color will form dark brown crystal spots. Under a certain light, there is tin light color, and it is triangular crystal, and the glaze is uneven. If the glaze layer here is thin, it will appear dry and dull; the domestic cobalt material shows a blue color with gray, no dark brown rust crystal spots; the other has a light color, halo phenomenon, and elegant color; When the imported and domestic two kinds of color materials are mixed and used, the color development is bright, the color is dense and elegant, and it has the characteristics of two kinds of cobalt materials.

This collection is a blue-and-white dragon-patterned goblet made by the Ming Dynasty. The mouth of the cup is flared, and the inner and outer edges and handles are decorated with blue string patterns. The abdomen is deep-curved, the feet are high, and the bottom feet are outside. The outer wall is decorated with a blue and white dragon pattern, and the bottom of the inner wall is painted with a blue and white fire cloud pattern. The painting technique is skillful and the lines are smooth. Glazed luster, hard body, great ornamental value and collection value.

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